This map of state health information for criminal justice practitioners is funded through a grant from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Neither the U.S. Department of Justice nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse its content (including, without limitation, any of the information links to other websites provide).
Untreated addictions and mental health disorders are common among the justice population. They contribute to crime and recidivism. Prior to health care reform, most of the justice population lacked health coverage to treat these health needs because they could not afford private insurance and were not eligible for Medicaid or other public coverage.
Under the Affordable Care Act, that entire landscape has shifted, especially in states that have expanded Medicaid eligibility. Now, almost all individuals leaving jails and prisons or serving a term of parole or probation in the community will be eligible to receive Medicaid benefits or purchase quality health coverage that is affordable based on their income. Furthermore, although exact coverage details will vary, these plans will cover needed addiction and mental health treatment similarly to how they cover treatments for other health issues.
This presents an extraordinary and unprecedented opportunity in both health and criminal justice to provide life-saving and life-changing addiction and mental health treatment and other health services to a large population of individuals who have previously lacked access to such care. This opportunity will lead to improvements in health and well-being for justice-involved people while increasing public safety by reducing the risk of recidivism.
This map contains links to state profiles with valuable information about the health system and health insurance options available in every state and the District of Columbia. Here you can learn about:
- who the health decision-makers are in your state and how to contact them
- which health care services/medications are available to newly eligible Medicaid beneficiaries in your state
- which health care providers in your state bill Medicaid
- how to connect with mental health and addiction service providers in your state
The information is intended to be particularly useful to criminal justice practitioners who want to learn more about how they can work with the health system in their state and help people under their control or supervision obtain healthcare and coverage. However, anyone can use this map to find out about key agencies, contacts, and policies in the health system in their state.
The U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) is partnering with Legal Action Center (LAC), Advocates for Human Potential and TASC, Illinois to provide technical assistance to justice and health professionals and share information about innovative strategies to increase health care access and improve public safety and health outcomes.
This map and the state profiles it links to were created as part of this project.