When individuals with criminal records are unable to find safe and permanent housing, it often has a devastating impact on their children and other family members. People with criminal records and their families face an under-reported and broad range of laws, policies and practices that impede their ability to find and retain safe, affordable housing. Clearly, these housing restrictions are a national problem that must be addressed, at a time when: 1) more than 70 million Americans—one in three adults—have an arrest or conviction record, 2) at least 11 million people are cycling through our nation’s jails, and 3) more than 600,000 people are returning home from prison each year. This report assesses some of the most common and pernicious obstacles to housing that confront Americans with criminal records, their children and other family members. It also examines innovative federal, state, and municipal initiatives that are helping people to overcome these obstacles.