This map of state health information for criminal justice practitioners is funded through a grant from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Neither the U.S. Department of Justice nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse its content (including, without limitation, any of the information links to other websites provide).
For a glossary of important terms in this profile, review the Key Terms for State Health Care Information for Criminal Justice Systems.
Basic Information on Health Reform in Alabama
Alabama is not expanding Medicaid coverage to low-income adults effective, as of January 2015.[i] Medicaid and CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Plan) are safety net health benefit programs available in Alabama.[ii]
Health Insurance Exchange Information: Alabama has a Federally-facilitated Marketplace (FFM).[iii] People can use the FFM to compare plans, purchase low-cost insurance, and take advantage of federal tax subsidies that apply.
Eligibility and Enrollment: People in Alabama can apply for and enroll in Medicaid or CHIP any time of year and coverage can begin immediately. They can purchase and enroll in marketplace plans during the annual open enrollment period, which begins November 15th of each year and extends through February 15th. If they meet certain criteria, such as having been released from custody in the last 90 days, they may be able to enroll in private coverage outside the open enrollment period. There are three ways to see if they meet eligibility requirements and to apply for or enroll in these benefits:
2) They can use the online application on the Federally Facilitated Marketplace.[v]
3) They can contact the Marketplace call center 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (1-800-318-2596, TTY: 1-855-889-4325).[vi]
Alabama Medicaid and Health Insurance Links
Link to important contact information and the Medicaid helpline number (1-800-362-1504, TTY-1-800-253-0799)[viii]
Link to a list with contact information for local Alabama Medicaid district offices, with maps and directions[ix]
State Health information
How many people in Alabama are eligible to participate? According to the Kaiser Foundation, 16% (746,100) of Alabama’s population was uninsured in 2013.[xvii] There are an estimated 450,000 potential marketplace participants, as of 2015.[xviii]
How many are enrolled so far? 134, 205 have selected a marketplace plan, as of January 2015.[xix]
How many of the state’s uninsured population are eligible for Medicaid? 107,000 of Alabama’s uninsured are eligible for Medicaid; 29,000 of them are adults.[xx]
Who are the health committee chairs in the state legislature?
Other Related Information for Alabama
Link to information about mental health and substance abuse services in Alabama
Link to the Alabama Council of Community Mental Health Boards to get information about Alabama’s mental health and substance use disorder service providers
General Information and Useful Links on Health Reform
Kaiser Family Foundation offers information on health reform in each state:
Government websites that offer useful information on health reform:
The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) offers an online directory of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) in each state that offer free or low cost care.[xxxiii]
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) offers a directory of substance abuse and mental health treatment facilities in each state at: SA-Treatment Facility Locator and at: MH-Treatment Facility Locator.[xxxiv]
SAMHSA also offers the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities, which has information on substance abuse treatment facilities by state, the types of programs available, and services they offer for justice-involved populations.[xxxv]
Click here to return to the map of state profiles: state-by-state healthcare profile map
[i] See Medicaid.gov, Medicaid by State, Alabama, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 9:39 a.m., http://www.medicaid.gov/Medicaid-CHIP-Program-Information/By-State/alabama.html.
[ii] See supra at 1.
[iii] See Kaiser Family Foundation, State Decisions on Health Insurance Marketplaces and the Medicaid Expansion, last viewed on December 18, 2014 at 3:52 p.m. http://kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/state-decisions-for-creating-health-insurance-exchanges-and-expanding-medicaid/.
[iv] See Alabama Department of Human Services, Insure Alabama, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 9:52 a.m. https://insurealabama.adph.state.al.us/.
[v] See Healthcare.gov, Create An Account, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 9:55 a.m., https://www.healthcare.gov/marketplace/b/create-account/.
[vi] See supra at 5.
[vii] See Alabama Medicaid website, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 9:36 a.m.: http://www.medicaid.alabama.gov/.
[viii] See Alabama Medicaid website, Contact Us, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 10:19 a.m.: http://www.medicaid.alabama.gov/CONTENT/8.0_Contact/8.1_Medicaid_Contact.aspx.
[ix] See Alabama Medicaid website, Contacts, Locations and Directions, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 10:19 a.m.: http://www.medicaid.alabama.gov/CONTENT/3.0_Apply/3.3_Contacts_Locations_Directions.aspx.
[x] See CMS, State Medicaid and CHIP Income Eligibility Standards, (For MAGI Groups, based on state decisions as of July 1, 2014), last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 10:07 a.m. (Provides data for all 50 states.)
[xi] See Medicaid.gov, State Resources, Medicaid State Plan Amendments, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 10:20 a.m.: http://www.medicaid.gov/State-Resource-Center/Medicaid-State-Plan-Amendments/Medicaid-State-Plan-Amendments.html?filterBy=Alabama. (Provides State Plan Amendments and Summaries).
[xii] See Alabama Medicaid website, Programs, Covered Services, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 10:16 a.m.: http://www.medicaid.alabama.gov/CONTENT/4.0_Programs/4.2_Covered_Services.aspx.
[xiii] See National Association of Medicaid Directors, About Us, State Directors, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 11:19 a.m.: http://medicaiddirectors.org/about/state-directors. (Includes contact information for the State Medicaid Director of all 50 states.)
[xiv] See Alabama Medicaid website, Providers, Manuals, last viewed at December 15, 2014, at 11:20 a.m., http://www.medicaid.alabama.gov/CONTENT/6.0_Providers/6.7_Manuals.aspx.
[xv] See Healthcare.gov, Create An Account, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 9:55 a.m., https://www.healthcare.gov/marketplace/b/create-account/.
[xvi]See HealthCare.gov, Get Answers, last viewed at December 15, 2014, at 12:01 p.m., https://www.healthcare.gov/get-answers/.
[xvii] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Health Facts, Health Insurance Coverage of the Total Population, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 11:46 a.m., http://kff.org/other/state-indicator/total-population/?state=AL.
[xviii] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Marketplace Statistics, last viewed on December 19, 2014 at 10:14 a.m. http://kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/state-marketplace-statistics/
[xix] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Marketplace Statistics, last viewed at December 15, 2014 at 11:55 a.m., http://kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/state-marketplace-statistics/.
[xx] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Health Facts, State Profiles: How Will the Uninsured Fare Under the Affordable Care Act?, last viewed on December 15, 2014, at 11:58 a.m., http://kff.org/interactive/uninsured-gap/.
[xxi] See Medicaid.gov, Approved Health Home State Amendments, last viewed at December 15, 2014, at 12:08 p.m., http://www.medicaid.gov/State-Resource-Center/Medicaid-State-Technical-Assistance/Health-Homes-Technical-Assistance/Approved-Health-Home-State-Plan-Amendments.html.
[xxii] See Alabama State Legislature, last viewed on December 16, 2014, at 10:31 a.m., http://www.legislature.state.al.us/house/housecommittees.html#Anchor-BANKIN-22612
[xxiii] See Alabama State Senate, last viewed on December 16, 2014, at 10:32, http://www.legislature.state.al.us/senate/senatecommittees/senatecommittees.html#anchor546550
[xxiv] See Alabama Department of Corrections, last viewed on December 16, 2014, at 10:35 a.m., http://www.doc.state.al.us/
[xxv] See Alabama.gov, Department of Mental Health, last viewed on December 16, 2014, at 10:39 a.m., http://www.mh.alabama.gov/sa/
[xxvi] See Alabama.gov, Department of Mental Health, last viewed on December 16, 2014, at 10:44 a.m., http://www.mh.alabama.gov/
[xxvii] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Health Facts, last viewed January 8, 2015 at 1:38 p.m.: http://kff.org/state-category/health-reform/?state=AL.
[xxviii] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Health Insurance Marketplace Profiles, January 8, 2015 at 1:38 p.m.: http://kff.org/state-health-marketplace-profiles/.
[xxix] See The Henry Kaiser Foundation, State Health Insurance Marketplace Profiles, January 8, 2015 at 1:38 p.m.: http://kff.org/state-health-marketplace-profiles/.
[xxx] See InsureKidsNow.gov, last viewed on January 8, 2015 at 1:37 p.m.: http://www.insurekidsnow.gov/chip/index.html.
[xxxi] See Healthcare.gov, last viewed on January 8, 2015 at 1:38 p.m.: https://localhelp.healthcare.gov/ and https://www.healthcare.gov/incarcerated-people/.
[xxxii] See Medicaid.gov, last viewed on January 8, 2015 at 1:38 p.m., http://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid-chip-program-information/medicaid-and-chip-program-information.html.
[xxxiii] See Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Find a Health Center, last viewed January 8, 2015 at 1:40 p.m.: http://www.bphc.hrsa.gov/.
xxxvi See SAMSHA Treatment Facility Locator, last viewed January 8, 2015 at 1:40 p.m.: http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/TreatmentLocator/faces/quickSearch.jspx and http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/MHTreatmentLocator/faces/quickSearch.jspx